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Patterns of pelvic reflux Ovarian veins and ovarian plexus Uterine and peri-uterine veins Internal iliac tributaries Pelvic floor The patterns can be isolated in the pelvis or connecting the veins in the lower extremity.   Imaging Protocol IVC and iliac veins to check for obstruction Left renal...

— Female 39 years old — Stroke 2006 of unknown etiology - Prothrombin gene mutation - No DVT or PE — 8 years later presented to the ER with significant pain, erythema and mild swelling in the right forearm and arm. — She had a line placed at the wrist...

Female 53 years old with varicose veins for over 15 years. Symptoms of left lower extremity pain, swelling and itching. Documented episode of provoked DVT 7 years ago with duplex ultrasound extending from CFV to calf after gall bladder surgery. Treated for 6 months with...

65 Year old male with a history of CVD, presents with 5 month history of worsening right lower extremity edema. The edema is progressive in nature with recent acute exacerbation over the past month. Patient has had recurrent episodes of cellulitis in the right leg,...