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A 46 year old female presented with long-standing history of right lower limb fatigue and aching with prolonged standing. Signs and Symptoms: Aching, cramping, heavy, tired right lower limb Tenderness over bulging veins Symptoms get worse at end of the day She feels better with lower...

A 50 year old male with long-standing bilateral chronic venous insufficiency presented with right leg ulceration. Symptoms Aching and heavy lower limbs Symptoms get worse with prolonged standing He feels better with lower limb elevation and compression stocking therapy   What should be done?    Download Complete Case...

A 21year-old healthy female presented with symptomatic varicose veins localized to right medial and proximal calf for about one year. SYMPTOMS Aching, heaviness, and tenderness around the veins Aggravating factors: Long standing Alleviating factors: Leg elevation, wearing compression stockings Download Complete Case...

46 year-old male with past medical history of Syndrome (KTS) who presents with left leg swelling, venous claudication, port wine stains, prominent varicosities, and intolerance to cold temperatures especially in left forefoot/toes partially alleviated with massage and elastic compression stockings. History Medical history: KTS diagnosed in...

Symptomatic Anterior Accessory Great Saphenous Vein (AAGSV) Reflux   Physical Examination Both lower limbs were warm and well perfused Distal palpable pulses Prominent varicosities on left anteromedial and anterolateral thigh, and medial calf No gluteal, perineal or vulvar varicosities Post-inflammatory hypopigmented skin patches on anterior calf and...

Saphenous Trunk Varicosities   Physical Examination Both lower limbs were warm and well perfused Distal palpable pulses Prominent varicosities on left anteromedial and anterolateral thigh, and medial calf No skin changes or ulcers. No edema. Motor and sensory were intact Download Complete Case...